UNDERSTANDING the G5: GOVERNANCE, DEVELOPMENT, and SECURITY in the SAHEL
The Group of Five for the Sahel (G5 Sahel) is an inter-governmental organisation founded in 2014 in Nouakchott by Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger, with the stated purpose of combining security and development through regional cooperation. It came about at a time of rising regional security concerns – marked by the occupation of Northern Mali by the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and the proliferation of armed groups across the region – and the adoption by donors of a myriad of ‘Sahel’ strategies, all of which were rhetorically committed to a similar three-fold approach of governance, security, and development. Against this backdrop, regional leaders established the G5 Sahel to facilitate a better coordinated response to the challenges that they were facing, and also to empower Sahelian states to set the agenda during their engagement with the international community in the context of increasing military assistance and foreign aid.
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